All drugs and treatments have potential complications but these methods are remarkably safe and are often used after children's surgery.
Suppositories: Some pain killers like paracetamol can be given rectally (into the bottom). These are often given while your child is still asleep and last several hours. Suppositories are also very good for pain relief when children cannot take medicines by mouth or are feeling sick.
Local anaesthesia: This is given by injection into or near the nerves around the wound to numb the area of the operation. It is given while your child is asleep and the effect usually lasts for a few hours.
Caudal Block: An injection of local anaesthetic solution given at the bottom of the back to block the pain sensation in the area of the operation.
Side effects of caudal:
- Sometimes children complain that their legs fell a little heavy and difficult to move.
- They can also experience problems passing urine.
These side effects will stop when the local anaesthetic wears off.
Strong pain killers: Most commonly, morphine is used to help make children feel more comfortable following major surgery. This is given intravenously (into a vein) and this may be continued after their operation using a pump with a button that can be pressed if extra doses are needed. This is called either patient or nurse controlled analgesia - PCA or NCA.
Side effects of morphine and other strong pain killers:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Slow breathing
These side effects can be treated with other drugs or by discontinuing the morphine.